HTML5 is the main standard rework of the HTML standard coming after HTML 4.01, XHTML 1.0, and XHTML 1.1. HTML5 is a web standard for arranging and also displaying content on the World Wide Web.
HTML5 is a collaboration between the W3C(World Wide Web Consortium) and the WHATWG (Web Hypertext Application Technology Working Group).
The newest versions of Apple Safari, Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, and Opera all offer support for many HTML5 features and Internet Explorer 9.0 also has support for some HTML5 functionality.
The mobile web browsers that are pre-installed on iPhones, iPads, and Android phones all provide support for HTML5.
HTML5 introduces a number of new elements and attributes that can help you in building modern websites. Here is a set of some of the most prominent features introduced in HTML5.
New Semantic Elements: These includes <header>, <footer>, and <section>.
Forms 2.0: Several Improvements have been carried out to HTML web forms where new attributes have been introduced for <input> tag.
Persistent Local Storage: HTML5 offers support for persistent local storage without using external or third-party plugins.
WebSocket: A next-generation two-way communication technology that is meant for web applications.
Server-Sent Events: HTML5 now provides events that move from web servers to web browsers and they are known as Server-Sent Events (SSE).
Audio & Video: with HTML5, you now can embed audio or video on your HTML webpages without having to use third-party plugins.
Geolocation: With HTML5, users can now have the option to share their physical location with your web application.
Microdata: It allows you to make your own vocabularies beyond just HTML5 and also extend your HTML web pages with custom semantics.
Drag and drop: HTML introduces Drag and drop, it lets you move the items from one location to another location on the same webpage.
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