Microwave Engineering Course And Certification

What is Microwave Engineering?

Microwave Engineering refers to the study and design of Microwave circuits, systems and components. The fundamental principles of engineering are being applied to the analysis, design and measurement techniques in this sector. The short wavelengths that are involved makes this discipline different from Electronic engineering. This is because there are various interactions that are happening within the circuits, transmissions and propagation characteristics at the various microwave frequencies.

The term Microwave is used to identify any electromagnetic waves that are above 103 megahertz (which is equals to 1 Gigahertz) up to 300 Gigahertz because of the short physical wavelengths of these frequencies. Short wavelength energy presents us with distinct advantages in many applications. For example, sufficient directivity can be gotten by using a relatively small antenna and low-power consumption transmitters. These individual characteristics are perfect for use in both military and civilian radar and communication technologies applications. Small antennas and other small features are made feasible by Microwave Frequency applications. The size advantage can be regarded as part of a solution to the various problems of space, or weight, or both of them. The use of Microwave Frequency is very important for the design of radar that is found in shipboards because it makes possible for the detection of smaller targets. Microwave Frequencies offer special problems in the transmission, generation, and the design of circuits that are not faced at lower frequencies. Conventional circuit theory is mostly dependant on voltages and currents while Microwave Theory is based on the fields of electromagnetic.

Equipment and techniques may be described simply as "Microwave" when the wavelengths of its signals are approximately the same as the dimensions of the equipment in such a way that the model of the lumped-element is inaccurate. As a result, the practical Microwave technique happens to move away from the discrete resistors, inductors, and capacitors, that are used together with lower frequency radio waves. Instead, the distributed-element model and transmission-line theory presents more useful methods for design and analysis.

Features Of Microsoft Engineering 

The following are the main Features and characteristics of Microwave Engineering:

1. Microwaves are the generally electromagnetic waves that radiate electromagnetic energy with a shorter wavelength.

2. Microwaves are not reflected by the Ionosphere.

3. Microwaves signals travel in a straight line and are reflected by surfaces.

4. Microwaves are easily reduced within shorter distances.

5. Microwave currents can easily flow through a very thin layer of a cable.

Benefits of Microwave Engineering

There are many advantages of Microwave Engineering and some of them are:

1. They support much larger bandwidth transfer and therefore, more information is transmitted through it. For this reason, Microwaves are used for point-to-point communications eg radar.

2. More gain in antenna is possible.

3. Higher data transfer rates are transmitted as the bandwidth is much more.

4. The size of the antennas gets reduced, as the frequencies are much more higher.

5. Low power consumption as the signals are of higher frequencies.

6. The effect of fading gets noticeably reduced by using the line of sight propagation.

7. It provides an effective reflection area in the systems used in radar.

8. Satellite and terrestrial communications with very high capacities and capabilities are made possible with Microwave Engineering.

9. Low-cost miniature microwave features and components can be developed.

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