Microprocessor Course And Certification

What is a Microprocessor?

A microprocessor is a computer processor that combines together the functions of a central processing unit into a single integrated circuit popularly abbreviated as IC, or sometimes up to 8 integrated circuits. A microprocessor is a multipurpose, register-based, clock-driven, digital integrated circuit that takes in binary data as its input, processes it according to the instructions that are stored in its memory and gives out results (also in binary form) as its output. Microprocessors consists of both sequential digital logic and combinational logic. Microprocessors work on numbers and symbols that are represented in the binary number system.

The integration of a whole Central Processing Unit onto a single or a few integrated circuits greatly take down the cost of the processing power. Integrated circuit processors are produced in very large quantities by highly automated metal-oxide-semiconductor (MOS) fabrication processes, this brings about a low price per each unit of it. Single-chip processors increase the reliability of Microprocessor because there are fewer electrical connections that could fail. As the designs of microprocessors improve, the cost of manufacturing a single chip (together with smaller components that are built on a semiconductor chip that is the same size) generally stays the same.

Before microprocessors were developed, small computers had been built by using racks of circuit boards with many small and medium-scale integrated circuits. Microprocessors join this together into one or a few large-scale ICs. Continued development increases in microprocessors capacity have since rendered other kinds of computers almost completely useless, with one or more microprocessors being found in every electronic device from the tiniest embedded systems, calculators, handheld mobile devices to the largest mainframes and supercomputers.

Features of a Microprocessor

Some of the features of Microprocessors that make them a fundamental tool in the design and development of electronic devices are:

1. Cost-effective: Microprocessor chips are easily available at very low prices because they are produced in large quantity and this results in a very low cost.

2. Size: The microprocessor is a very small-sized chip, thereby , making it portable.

3. Low Power Consumption: Microprocessors are produced by using metal-oxide-semiconductor technology, which has a very low power consumption.

4. Versatility: The microprocessors are usages that are broad and versatile since we can use the same chip in a number of applications by configuring the software program.

5. Reliability: The failure rate of an IC in microprocessors is very low, these features make it very reliable.

Benefits of a Microprocessor

There are lots of benefits and advantages of Microprocessors and some of them are:

1. Microprocessors reduce the cost of operation, particularly fuel-saving by optimizing control strategies.

2. Reduce product give away thru more uniform operations and lighten control enforcement.

3. Microprocessors improve the responsiveness to change in process, product specification and the addition of new products.

4. Microprocessors incorporate various strategies to minimize the product offset resulting from the failure of plant equipment or unanticipated process conditions and to improve plant safety

5. Microprocessors improve more timely information on the operations of plants and maintenance managers to let them keep a plant running longer and more efficiently.

6. Improve the integration of plant operations through co-ordinated control strategies.

7. It allows for the exchange of information with another plant for proper synchronization.


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