Go Programming Language known as Golang is a compiled programming language of general use developed by Google Inc. It was first created by Robert Griesemer, Rob Pike, and Ken Thompson at Google in 2007. It offers integrated support for garbage collection, memory safety, and structural typing.
Go programming language is one of the languages that has come out of obscurity and now gaining popularity for various development tasks. Go is powering an extensive number of popular projects and supporting the development of top-notch innovations across several industries.
Language Design: Golang is designed in a way that the language is simple and easy to understand and write. Though the learning steep curve is higher than a language like Python, however, it's worth it with its awesome features. They did some interesting design decisions while working on the Object-Oriented support in the language. The language is opinionated and recommends an idiomatic way of achieving simple and complex things. It prefers Composition over Inheritance and "Do More with Less" is the mantra.
Package Management: Go merges modern-day developer workflow of working with Open Source projects and includes that in the way it manages external packages. Support is provided directly in the tooling to get external packages and publish your own packages in a set of easy commands.
Powerful standard library: Go has a powerful standard library, which is distributed as packages.
Static Typing: Golang is a statically typed language which means its strict on its types. This not just work on compiling the code successfully but also ensures error-free type conversions and compatibility. With this feature, you can avoid all problems faced with dynamically typed languages.
Testing Support: Golang has extensive support for unit testing features natively. It's a simple mechanism to write your unit test parallel with your code because of this you can understand your code coverage by your own tests. This also helps in generating your code documentation as an example easily.
Platform Independent: Go language is just like Java language as it supports platform independence. Due to its modular design and modularity i.e., the code is compiled and is converted into binary form which is as small as possible and hence, it requires no dependency. Its code can be compiled in any platform or any server and application you work on.
Go Programming language can be applied in various aspects of technology and can be used for diverse ways in programming.
Web Development: Go can be used extensively in full fledge web development. The Go programming language has native support for Network/HTTP protocol which gives us the ability to create web applications using the language.
Command Line Interface: Go can be used to build programs that can be run right from the command line, shells or terminal. With the I/O features, you can easily build simple command-line applications. Go has various libraries that made this easier.
Networking Development: Go has a lot of features that are able to power the development of high-level networking tasks. With goroutines, channels, go innate speed, you can easily build and deploy complex networking software for powering modern tech demand.
Real-time Development: With Go programming language, you can build real-time applications. You can create programs that users sense as immediate or current, providing solutions for e-commerce, chatting, online gaming and more.
Cloud Infrastructure: Golang gives on-demand access to shared computer processing, allowing you to process your data on a privately-owned cloud or a third-party server. Cloud Platforms like Google Cloud and Docker platform were developed using Golang.
Microservices: A service-oriented architecture that structures an application, decomposes it to smaller services and makes it easier to understand, develop and test. Go-kit provides specialized support, such as infrastructure integration and system observability perfectly suited to writing microservices.
It’s Easy to Understand: In a matter of a few weeks, you can master it, sometimes even hours or days if you use the standard library. It's a piece of cake to write an easy command-line app and/with a straightforward HTTP server. It is concise, simple and easy to read.
Naturally Open Source: If there are any problems, Gophers will detect and correct the issues, as the Golang developers are called, so they are easily solved before they become a problem.
Concurrency: Go concurrency features allows multiple processes running simultaneously and effectively.
Garbage Language Gathered: The language facilitates the development of operations such as memory management for designers. It handles all the jobs of running on its own.
Type Conversion: This is actually a very good advantage because it makes your program type error-free. It validates for the interface and type embedding.
Go Language is Swift: It offers easy structure and syntax, so developers find it easy to learn. This makes it easy for you to rapidly and even better keep a product on the market.
Enhanced Testing Tool: Developers enjoy the fact that built-in testing tools and the fact that it has the easiest API come with the language. The effectiveness of these tools makes executable codes simple to test and profile.
The most significant benefits of Go Programming are mentioned below:
1. Environmental support that adopts comparable patterns to dynamic languages.
2. Built-in concurrency support
3. The time to compile is fast
4. Go programs are easy, concise and secure
5. Production without external dependencies of statically linked indigenous binaries
Go Programming Language - Introduction/Overview
Go Programming Language - Environment Setup
Go Programming Language - Program Structure
Go Programming Language - Basic Syntax
Go Programming Language - Data Types
Go Programming Language - Variables
Go Programming Language - Constants
Go Programming Language - Operators
Go Programming Language - Decision Making
Go Programming Language - Loops
Go Programming Language - Functions
Go Programming Language - Scope Rules
Go Programming Language - Strings
Go Programming Language - Arrays
Go Programming Language - Pointers
Go Programming Language - Structures
Go Programming Language - Slice
Go Programming Language - Range
Go Programming Language - Maps
Go Programming Language - Recursion
Go Programming Language - Type Casting
Go Programming Language - Interfaces
Go Programming Language - Error Handling
Go Programming Language - Exams and Certification
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