What is Fortran?

Fortran is an imperative programming language compiled for general purposes that is particularly suitable for numerical computing and scientific computing.

It was first launched in 1954, Fortran is and is still commonly used the oldest programming language. Scientific fields, in particular numerical weather prediction, computational fluid dynamics and computational physics, find their applications.

Fortran is also quite common in high-performance computing and is used to mark the program bench and rank the fastest supercomputers in the world.

Advantages of Fortran: 

Fortran has many advantages, some of which are:

  • In science circles, Fortran is very powerful. It has a wealthy tool ecosystem for this domain.


  • Fortran produces the world's fastest native code. That's why scientific computing is perfect.


  • Fortran is extremely optimized for vectorization, making it great for modeling supercomputers.


  • Modern Fortran is amazingly simple to read and comprehend. Compare to C++


  • Fortran does not use the terrible syntax of the off-side rule you find in Python




Main Features of Fortran: 

  • FORTRAN II endorsed the language of procedural programming that enables algorithmic writing of the code


  • The COMMON declaration is used to access the global variables to be used in the programs for subroutines


  • FORTRAN II enables the subroutines to perform the tasks and the return values to be written.


  • Any inherent or derived type may be a POINTER


  • Lower case characters in source text are now permitted. A semicolon can be used in a single source line to distinguish various statements.


Fortran  Course Outline: 

Fortran - Home

Fortran - Overview

Fortran - Environment Setup

Fortran - Basic Syntax

Fortran - Data Types

Fortran - Variables

Fortran - Constants

Fortran - Operators

Fortran - Decisions

Fortran - Loops

Fortran - Numbers

Fortran - Characters

Fortran - Strings

Fortran - Arrays

Fortran - Dynamic Arrays

Fortran - Derived Data Types

Fortran - Pointers

Fortran - Basic Input Output

Fortran - File Input Output

Fortran - Procedures

Fortran - Modules

Fortran - Intrinsic Functions

Fortran - Numeric Precision

Fortran - Program Libraries

Fortran - Programming Style

Fortran - Debugging Program


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